How is CBD oil made?
How is CBD oil made? Well, CBD is a compound found in the cannabis plant. CBD is non psychoactive meaning it doesn’t give you the “high sensation”, unlike THC which is the psycho active compound that everyone associates with the “high sensation”.
It works by entering the body and connecting to receptors. These receptors are called CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptor plays the role in helping with health and disease, cardiovascular and motor control and are primarily located on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Whereas, CB2 receptors helps with the immune system by managing pain and inflammation. CB2 receptors are mainly found on white blood cells, in the tonsils and in the spleen.
For CBD to be made, first the CBD must be extracted from the cannabis plant. There are three main extraction methods used to extract CBD: carbon dioxide extraction, steam distillation and solvent extraction.
Carbon dioxide extraction is the safest and most efficient way to extract CBD. The reason been it can extract as much as 92% of CBD, however the specialized machinery is very expensive, but is the most preferred way. Another reason this method is preferred is because of the easy adjustments that can be made to achieve the desired concentration of CBD.
Steam Distillation has been used for centuries to extract essential oils. It has truly been tried and is true. However, it is less preferred than CO2 extraction due to its inefficiency. Also, this method uses a significantly larger amount of the hemp plant and its more difficult to extract exact amounts of CBD concentration. Another negative is if the steam gets too hot it can damage the extract and alter chemical properties.
Solvent Extraction is more efficient and cheaper than steam distillation however, the solvents used in hydrocarbon extraction, such as butane, propane and petroleum create a great concern. As the solvent residue if not fully eliminated in the evaporation step can increase one’s risk of cancer. However, to avoid the risk of toxic residue, natural solvents such as olive oil or ethanol can be used for the extraction. These solvents are just as effective but remove the risk of toxin residue. However, chlorophyll may also be extracted when using natural solvents which can result in an unpleasant taste. The main problem with natural solvents is that they don’t evaporate very well, which means the CBD extract contains lower concentration of CBD than any other method.
To find out more about the extraction methods: click here.
Once the CBD has been extracted from the cannabis plant it then turns into a white powder called CBD isolate which then has to be mixed with a carrier oil to turn it into CBD oil. There are 6 main carrier oils used to make CBD below will be the list in order.
- Fractioned Coconut Oil (MCT Oil)
- Palm oil
- Olive Oil
- Avocado Oil
- Hemp Seed Oil
- Grape Seed Oil
For more information on the carrier oils, click here.