So, what does the power of CBD mean? In this blog we will be explaining, what CBD is, how it’s made, how it works and the benefits that come with it. CBD (cannabidiol) is a non psycho active compound found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t give you the “high sensation”, that everyone associates with cannabis.
How it works?
It works by entering the body and connecting to receptors. These receptors are called CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptor plays the role in helping with health and disease, cardiovascular and motor control and are primarily located on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Whereas, CB2 receptors helps with the immune system by managing pain and inflammation. CB2 receptors are mainly found on white blood cells, in the tonsils and in the spleen.
For CBD to be made, first the CBD must be extracted from the cannabis plant. There are three main extraction methods used to extract CBD: carbon dioxide extraction, steam distillation and solvent extraction.
Carbon dioxide extraction is the most efficient and safest way to extract CBD. It can also be adjusted easily to achieve the desired concentration of CBD. Whereas, steam distillation is inefficient and uses a significantly larger amount of hemp plant. Stam distillation has been used for centuries to extract essential oils and has truly been tried and is true, however if the steam gets too hot it can also damage the extract and alter chemical properties. Solvent extraction is more efficient and cheaper than steam distillation, however solvents used in this process such as butane causes great concerns. Also, with natural solvents they don’t evaporate very well meaning the CBD extract contains lower concentration of CBD.
For more information on extraction methods: click here.
Once the CBD has been extracted from the cannabis plant it then turns into a white powder called CBD isolate which then has to be mixed with a carrier oil to turn it into CBD oil. There are 6 main carrier oils used to make CBD below will be the list in order.
- Fractioned Coconut Oil (MCT Oil)
- Palm oil
- Olive Oil
- Avocado Oil
- Hemp Seed Oil
- Grape Seed Oil
For more information on the carrier oils, click here.
The power of CBD
CBD oil for Relieving Pain
One of the most important benefits of CBD oil is its use in relieving chronic pain, this truly shows the power of CBD. To understand this, we need to look at the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of human body that regulates some very important functions including pain, sleep and appetite.
Endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters produced by human body, these neurotransmitters bind to cannabinoid receptors that are expressed throughout central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. So, CBD can be used in conditions that cause chronic pain as it impacts endocannabinoid receptor activity and produces pain-relieving effects. Also, it reduces inflammation and helps in cardiovascular functions of body by increasing levels of adenosine in the brain.
CBD oil for Anxiety
Anxiety and depression are mental health disorders that are increasing in people day by day. Recent studies show that CBD can be effective to reduce anxiety and depression. CBD oil also helps to treat insomnia and anxiety in children with post-traumatic stress disorder. These benefits of CBD oil are linked to its ability to cause the release of serotonin by activating serotonin receptors in the brain. Serotonin is an important neurotransmitter that manages many important body functions including mood and social behaviour, sleep, digestion, appetite, memory, sexual desire and function.
Benefits of CBD oil for Heart Health
Recent researches show that CBD oil has several benefits related to heart health and circulatory system of the body mainly including the ability to lower blood pressure. We know that high blood pressure is linked to higher risks of a number of health conditions, including stroke, heart attack and metabolic syndrome. The properties of CBD to reduce stress, anxiety and depression give it the ability to help lower the blood pressure. In this way, CBD may help in heart related problems.
For Treating Addictions
Many different addictions including opioid, cocaine, psychostimulant, cannabis and tobacco addictions may also be treated using CBD oil. Some studies suggest that CBD may cause therapeutic effects in people with such addictions. It may do so by reducing or even blocking the effects of THC on mind. Evidence suggests that CBD may also help people to quit smoking. In a study, some smokers were made to use inhalers containing CBD, these smokers smoked fewer cigarettes than usual and their craving for nicotine also reduced.
For Neurological Disorders
Though the research is limited at the time, CBD has been shown to be effective in several neurological disorders. CBD oil can help to ease the severity of seizures in people with epilepsy. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome are two rare forms of severe epilepsy, in these conditions CBD may be typically prescribed by doctor.
CBD oil also has beneficial effects in patients with multiple sclerosis. In multiple sclerosis, patients suffer from muscle spasm and constant pain in the body. CBD may help in reducing the pain and muscle spasticity.
Beneficial in Cancer
Some researchers found that CBD may also help cancer patients by suppressing the growth of cancer cells and promoting their destruction. CBD may also help to reduce the side effects that are related to cancer treatment, like pain, vomiting and nausea. However, more research is needed to assess the efficacy and safety of CBD for cancer patients.
Acne is a common skin condition caused by a number of factors, including bacteria, genetics, underlying inflammation and overproduction of sebum by sebaceous glands in the skin. CBD oil has anti-inflammatory effects and also has the ability to control sebum overproduction. These properties make it helpful in treating the acne.
CBD oil has shown to help encourage bone growth. Studies have shown that the endocannabinoid system has a significant part to play in the role of bone metabolism. This means CBD oil is able to affect the regeneration rate of new bone tissue. Through stimulation of the CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBD oil can help you to regrow damaged bones. Furthermore, it can help improve bone health and slow down its degradation as well.
It isn’t known exactly how CBD effects depression as there is still a grey area when it comes to CBD and the legalisation status still causes problems in the UK for tests. However, it is believed that CBD works through the CB1 receptor in the brain. It is believed that the CB1 receptor alters serotonin levels, this has a positive effect on your emotions and motor skills.
When suffering from depression, your hippocampus doesn’t function well, however CBD oil may affect your hippocampus, which plays a large role in regulating your emotions. Once again showing the true power of CBD.
Due to CBD’s less strenuous effects on the mind, CBD may not be as strong as THC when it comes to acting as a sedative. However, CBD can still react as an effective sleep aid, especially when used long term. CBD doesn’t necessarily help sleep; it helps things that such as pain or discomfort that cause sleeping problems. Thousands report using CBD to help relieve pain and discomfort which kept them up at night. CBD is widely used to reduce anxiety and stress, two common conditions that often have detrimental consequences on the quality and quantity of sleep.
We hope this blog shows the real power of CBD. CBD still has many other benefits and more and more will continue to arise as the legality changes and more tests are able to be performed.