Depression is classified as a mood disorder. Depression is where you persistently feel sad for weeks or months or even possibly years, rather than just a few days. Depression is where you constantly feel down, however it’s not just feelings, its every part of your life e.g., it’s your energy levels, your hunger, and sleep patterns.
Causes of depression
When it comes to depression there isn’t a single cause of depression, it can occur from a variety of different things and it may be triggered from different things:
- Stressful events – Things such as relationship breakdowns, illnesses, redundancy etc, can be the cause to depression as every person reacts to problems different, the main cause from these problems are when the person who is going through this tough time stop seeing family, friends and stop doing things they enjoy as they lock themselves away and try cope with it themselves.
- Personality – You can be more vulnerable to depression if you have certain personality traits, such as low self esteem or being overly self-critical, this could be down to genes or early life experiences.
- Family history – if a member of your family has a previous history od mental health issues you are more likely to suffer from it.
- Giving birth – Some women are particularly vulnerable to postnatal depression after pregnancy. The hormonal and physical changes you experience when giving birth as well as having the responsibility of new life.
- Loneliness – Things such as been cut off from friends and family can increase your risk of depression.
- Alcohol and drugs – When peoples lives are getting them down, some people choose to go to drinks and drugs to get them by which can lead to a spiral of depression.
- Illness – People who are suffering from a life changing illness such as cancer can cause people to suffer from depression
Symptoms to depression
Symptoms of depression can be very complex and vary widely for each person. The symptoms persist for weeks or month s on end and can even affect your work, social life and family life. In the lists below you are very unlikely to have all these symptoms.
- Continuous low mood or sadness
- Feeling hopeless or helpless
- Having low self esteem
- Feeling tearful
- Guilt ridden
- Feeling irritable and intolerant of others
- Having no motivation or interest in things
- Finding it difficult to make decisions
- Not getting any enjoyment out of life
- Feeling anxious or worried
- Having suicidal thoughts or thoughts of harming yourself
- Moving or speaking more slowly than usual
- Changes in appetite or weight
- Unexplained aches and pains
- Lack of energy
- Low sex drive
- Changes to your menstrual cycle
- Disturbed sleep
- Avoiding contact with friends and taking part in fewer social activities
- Neglecting your hobbies and interests
- Having difficulties in your home, work and family life
Severities of depression
Depression can sometimes be difficult to notice anything is wrong, as it often comes gradually. Many people with depression try to cope with their symptoms without realising they’re unwell, it usually takes a friend or family member before they realise.
Doctors describe depression by how serious it is:
Mild depression – has some impact on your daily life.
Moderate depression – has a significant impact on your daily life.
Severe depression – makes it almost impossible to get through daily life; a few people with severe depression may have psychotic symptoms.
Other types of depression
There are also different types of depression, and some conditions where depression may be one of the symptoms. These include:
Postnatal depression – sometimes new mothers, fathers or partners develop depression after they have a baby.
Bipolar disorder – bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression) consists of spells of both depression and excessively high mood(mania); the depression symptoms are similar to clinical depression, but the bouts of mania can include harmful behaviour such as gambling, going on spending sprees and having unsafe sex.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) – also known as “winter depression”, SAD is a type of depression with a seasonal pattern usually related to winter.
CBD for depression
It isn’t known exactly how CBD effects depression as there is still a grey area when it comes to CBD and the legalisation status still causes problems in the UK for tests. However, it is believed that CBD works through the CB1 receptor in the brain. It is believed that the CB1 receptor alters serotonin levels, this has a positive effect on your emotions and motor skills.
When suffering from depression, your hippocampus doesn’t function well, however CBD oil may affect your hippocampus, which plays a large role in regulating your emotions. It is believed that CBD helps promote neurogenesis or the formation of new neurons in the hippocampus.