CBD vs THC, whats the difference? Both compounds are found in the cannabis plant, in the resin secreted by glands in the plant. More of these glands’ ca be found around the reproductive organs of the plant than on any other area of the plant.
CBD (cannabidiol) is a non psycho active compound found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t give you the “high sensation”. CBD works by entering the body and connecting to receptors. These receptors are called CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptor plays the role in helping with health and disease, cardiovascular and motor control and are primarily located on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Whereas, CB2 receptors helps with the immune system by managing pain and inflammation. CB2 receptors are mainly found on white blood cells, in the tonsils and in the spleen.
THC is the main psychoactive compound in marijuana that gives the high sensation. It can be consumed by smoking marijuana. It’s also available in oils, edibles, tinctures, capsules, and more. Both cannabinoids work with the endocannabinoids system however they have different effects.
CBD vs THC: Medical Benefits
Both compounds have similar medical benefits, however THC causes a euphoric effect which doesn’t occur with CBD. They can provide relief from the several of the same conditions. Most people prefer using CBD due to the lack of side effects.
CBD is used for conditions such as:
- Psychosis or mental disorders
- Inflammatory bowel disease
THC can be used for things such as:
- Muscle spasticity
- Low appetite
CBD in the UK is now completely legal however it must contain less than 0.3% THC. The CBD must be extracted from an industrial grade hemp strain that has been approved by the EU. The hemp plant differs from the cannabis plant as it’s higher in CBD and lower in THC which makes it more likely to have a percentage of less than 0.3% THC.
THC is not legal in the UK it is listed in class B under the Misuse of Drugs Act, but CBD is not listed as a controlled substance under this act. Some people believe this means they can grow their own cannabis or hemp plants. This is not true. It is illegal to grow cannabis in the UK. CBD producers must receive a license and permission from the UK home office to do so.
CBD is well tolerated, even in large doses. Research suggests that any side effects that occur with CBD are likely the result of drug to drug interactions between CBD and other medications you could be taking.
THC causes temporary side effects, such as:
- Increased heart rate
- Coordination problems
- Dry mouth
- Red eyes
- Slower reaction times
- Memory loss
These side effects are the psychoactive properties of THC.
Neither compound is fatal.