What is CBD?
CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, which is a chemical that occurs naturally in the cannabis plant. With CBD been non psychoactive this means that it will not get you “high”, in fact you won’t feel any different. THC is the psychoactive compound in the cannabis plant that everyone knows for the “high sensation”. CBD must contain less than 0.3% THC in the UK to be legal to sell as CBD is the legal compound in the UK.
CBD oil is first extracted from the cannabis plant into a white powder. To then make it into a oil it must be mixed with a carrier oil such as MCT oil.
How CBD works?
CBD works by engaging with your endocannabinoid system, which has receptors CB1 and CB2. The CBD the reacts with the receptors. CB1 receptors are primarily located on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. CB1 receptor mainly helps with health and disease, cardiovascular and motor control, whilst CB2 helps with the immune system by managing pain and inflammation. CB2 receptors are mainly found on white blood cells, in the tonsils and in the spleen.
CBD Oil and arthritis pain relief
Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint. More than 10 million people have or have similar conditions in the UK that affects the joints. It affects people of all ages, including children.
There are two common types of arthritis which are:
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) – An autoimmune disease in which a person’s immune system attacks their joints, causing inflammation. RA commonly affects the hands and feet and leads to painful, swollen and stiff joints.
- Osteoarthritis (OA) – A degenerative disease that affects joint cartilage and bones, causing pain and stiffness. It often affects the hip, knee and thumb joints.
Below are the studies carried out so far that are able for the public to see, we will update this as and when we can.
- A 2011 study found that CBD helped to reduce inflammatory pain in rats be affecting the way that pain receptors respond to stimuli.
- A 2014 review of the existing body of research animals concluded that CBD may be an effective treatment for OA.
- A 2016 study found that the topical application of CBD had the potential to relieve pain and inflammation associated with arthritis.
- A 2017 study found that CBD might be safe and useful treatment for OA joint pain.
Although there isn’t enough evidence to scientifically prove that CBD is an effective treatment arthritis, many animal studies suggest that it is.
CBD oil and chronic pain
Cannabinoids, like CBD, attach themselves to specialized receptors, called CB1 and CB2 receptors, in a person’s brain and immune system. CB2 receptor plays a role in the immune system which manages pain and inflammation. It is believed that when CBD enters the body it attaches itself to the receptors. Alternatively, it may cause the body to produce natural cannabinoids that attach to the receptors.
So, can CBD oil relieve arthritis pain? Although it does look very promising, it can’t be scientifically proven due to the lack of scientific studies. We hope in the future that there will be more studies and CBD will become a treatment for arthritis without the side effects, treatments for arthritis have now.
We will keep this blog updated and hopefully we can stop arthritis.